At present, the cooperatives in Thailand are officially categorized to seven (7) types, namely:
1. Agricultural Cooperative,
2. Land Settlement Cooperative,
3. Fisheries Cooperative,
4. Consumer Cooperative,
5. Saving and Credit Cooperative,
6. Service Cooperative, and
7. Credit Union Cooperatives
Organizational Structure of Cooperative in Thailand
Cooperatives in Thailand are vertically organized in a three - tiered system; primary cooperative at district level and federation at provincial and national level. The primary cooperative consists of individual members while members of provincial and national federations are cooperatives.
The members will elect the board of directors (BOD) through the general assembly with maximum number is not greater than 15 persons for cooperative development policies formulation. The BOD, then, appoints a manager and staff to run the cooperative business.
Five or more cooperatives at primary or provincial level can together form a provincial or national federation to undertake joint activities on behalf of their primary affiliated such as processing and trading of agricultural produces.
At national level, there is the Agricultural Cooperative Federation of Thailand of which all 76 provincial agricultural cooperative federations are affiliates. There are also Sugarcane Growers Cooperative Federation of Thailand, Swine Raisers Cooperative Federation of Thailand, Dairy Cooperative Federation of Thailand and Onion Growers Cooperative Federation of Thailand. Land Settlement Cooperatives , however, has only a regional federation in the Central Region whereas Thrift and Credit Cooperatives, and Consumer Cooperatives are affiliated in a national federation of their own.
All types of cooperatives at all levels, according to the Cooperative Act, B.E.2511, have implicitly to be the affiliates of the Cooperative League of Thailand (CLT). The CLT is functioning as an apex body of the whole cooperative movement. It does not run as business enterprise, but acts as a facilitator, coordinator and being as educational supporters for promotion of all cooperative progress.